Table of Contents
- 1 A Comprehensive Guide to Growing Weed the Easy Way
- 2 A Quick Introduction to Marijuana
- 3 The Science Behind Cannabis
- 4 Facts on Marijuana Legalization
- 5 What are the Benefits of Smoking Weed?
- 6 What About the Negative Effects of Marijuana?
- 7 Different Techniques for Using Marijuana
- 8 Are There Any Other Uses of Cannabis?
- 9 How to Grow Marijuana?
- 10 Indoor vs. Outdoor Marijuana Cultivation
- 11 Marijuana Cultivation – Indoor Planting
- 12 Marijuana Cultivation: Outdoor Planting
- 13 Mediums for Growing Weed – Soil vs. Hydroponics
- 14 Germinating a Seed – The Process
- 15 Other Things To Watch Out For At This Stage…
- 16 The Most Important Stuff You Need to Know About Growing Marijuana
- 16.1 Growing the Plant with Soil Using the Germination Process
- 16.2 Growing Marijuana in Containers
- 16.3 Growing the Marijuana Plant in the Ground
- 16.4 Transplanting of Plants
- 16.5 Watering
- 16.6 pH Level
- 16.7 Nutrition
- 16.8 Cloning Method
- 16.9 Advantages of Cloning
- 16.10 Disadvantages of Cloning
- 16.11 How to Make Your Own Clones for Growing Marijuana?
- 17 Hydroponics
- 18 Lighting
- 19 Harvesting
- 20 After Harvesting – How to Improve the Quality of the Weed?
- 21 Final Thoughts
A Comprehensive Guide to Growing Weed the Easy Way
Are you looking for a really detailed, comprehensive guide to growing weed? You’re just where you should be! When I first considered growing weed years ago, I remember how hard it was to get the right kind of information.
Nobody really had a clue on how to grow marijuana in a professional manner. It was all completely random, and dare I say, amateurish. If you are going to be growing weed, you should do know how to do it the right way.
I understand you have a lot of uncertainties in your mind about this and have no clue as to how to get started – I am going to clear that up, and answer every question you could probably have about the process.
Now, let’s be realistic – it is not easy to grow cannabis. Indeed, it is one of the hardest things you can do, especially if you don’t get the right kind of guidance for it. My goal is to help you grow marijuana the right way, the easy way, and I have put a lot of thought into this guide.
I don’t want you to give up out of frustration right in the middle of the process like so many people do. By the time you are through with this guide and follow the advice given here diligently, you will be growing the most aromatic marijuana of the highest quality.
Look, I know there are a plenty of other guides out there on growing cannabis; I have checked them out myself. But my personal view is that most of them confuse their readers by making growing cannabis buds to appear like it is more difficult than brain surgery or developing a new operating system! Really, it is not!
Also, I’ve seen many guides on growing weed that just don’t tell you the whole story. They don’t give you all the information you need and don’t reveal all the facts. Perhaps it is because the folks who wrote those guides know little about the process or maybe, just maybe, they don’t want you to get too good at growing weed.
Heck, marijuana is big business today, especially since the movement for marijuana legalization is moving full steam ahead. There tens of thousands of cannabis entrepreneurs in the US and elsewhere, and some growers would do everything possible to avoid more competition.
In this guide, I have given you only the most precise information, with techniques and ideas that you can implement right now. I have only written about the techniques I use myself to grow weed and have been doing successfully at that. I can assure you that you won’t find anything in this guide that is out of place or doesn’t make sense. I want you to learn how to grow weed without getting confused or bored in any way.
Finally, I have tried my level best to present the content in a way anyone could understand. I have deliberately kept the language simple and used an easy vocabulary. I am not like some of the people you see online who use lots of technical jargon to show off to people. My goals are simple – to help you cultivate cannabis quickly, efficiently and easily. I am sure this guide will be really very useful to you. Let’s get started then, shall we?!
A Quick Introduction to Marijuana
Marijuana or cannabis is referred to as Cannabis Sativa in the biological nomenclature. It is also called as weed, bud, trees or pot in everyday language. It is essentially a hemp plant, originally grown in India, but now is grown all over the world. While the medical uses of marijuana are well documented, most people take it as a narcotic.
To use marijuana, or weed, the flowers and leaves of the plant are first dried, crushed and then smoked, in the form of a cigarette or with a pipe. I will certainly discuss the different ways in which marijuana is inhaled, and most importantly, I will tell you how it is grown.
First, you should know that not all types of marijuana are of the highest quality. In fact the quality of the weed varies widely, and this has a direct impact on its effectiveness or influence on those who use it. The quality of the weed will largely depend on how the plant is grown.
It also depends on where it is grown, as the weed grown in one region can have a different taste, potency and aroma compared with that grown in another region. That’s because of the difference in the weather conditions, methods and techniques used in the plant growth.
You will enjoy growing marijuana for sure, I am quite confident about that – as long as you follow the instructions to the letter. You should understand everything about the process, know every step, every detail and most importantly, you should be patient. You just can’t be in a hurry to get from A to Z in a hurry. Take your time and enjoy the process. When you do that, the result will be absolutely stunning; I can assure you of that!
The Science Behind Cannabis
I won’t go into the details on the science behind cannabis, but here’s what you should know. There is a chemical produced by the Indian hemp plant or the marijuana plant called as cannabinoids that gives it its distinct effect.
Cannabinoids is essentially a psychoactive and has a strong impact on the mind and body. Now, the intensity of the effect can vary widely, and this depends on how the weed is grown and in what sort of conditions it is grown.
Just as important is a type of cannabinoids called as tetrahydrocannabinol which gives you a real high. Tetrahydrocannabinol is present in the flowers of the cannabis plant.
The tips of the female flowers called as cannabin have a particularly high content of this ingredient. Tetrahydrocannabinol is actually far more potent than cannabinoids and is used to make hashish, which has 8 times the psychedelic effect of marijuana on those who take it.
Facts on Marijuana Legalization
Before I go any further, I want to draw your attention to the fight for legalization of marijuana and give you an update on how it is going. This battle for the legalization of pot is at an advanced stage in the United States, the UK and in many other countries in the world.
You can skip this part if you are already familiar with the politics of cannabis and go right to the next section if you want to. For the rest of you, this will serve an excellent primer on the conditions. You should pay close attention if you are going to grow weed by yourself, as you should be well aware of the things such as the legal/illegal aspect, the tax laws, rules on zoning, etc.
First, you should understand that while medical marijuana was permitted in over 26 states in the United States, there were serious restrictions against recreational marijuana, or the weed that you can smoke legally without requiring a doctor’s prescription.
Now, there are 8 states within the United States, including California, which have given the green light to recreational marijuana. Marijuana sales amounted to $6.6 billion in 2016, $1.9 billion for recreational marijuana and $4.7 billion for medical – all of it legal. The marijuana industry is growing very fast and is estimate to be worth $24 billion by 2025.
That is big news, but there are a few things you should know about smoking pot in the United States, what’s legal and what’s not legal.
#1: There are no legal restrictions on medical marijuana in 29 states in the United States as well as in Washington, D.C., Guam and Puerto Rico. The latest state to legalize medical marijuana was West Virginia. Unfortunately, there are serious restrictions on the sale of medical marijuana in 18 other states. There are laws in place here which are seriously flawed and need to be looked into.
#2: As long as you are aged 21 years or more, you can buy recreational marijuana in Washington, Colorado, Alaska and Alaska. Colorado and Washington legalized recreational marijuana in 2014, and were the first states to do so. Pot was legalized in Oregon in 2015 and in Alaska in 2016.
#3: There are 8 states where you can buy pot and get high legally, but you should be at least 21 years old. California, Massachusetts, Maine and Nevada were the latest states to legalize pot for recreational use. Washington D.C. has also removed restrictions on the sale of recreational marijuana. However, the cannabis industry in these states is still underdeveloped, and there are many things that still need to be worked out, such as the rules on zoning and tax laws. If you are going to grow pot in these states by yourself, please check out the local laws in these states, as they differ from one state to another.
#4: Many states allow companies to carry out unannounced drug tests on employees. Companies are legally entitled to fire workers who fail the drug test for marijuana. This is something that needs to be looked into. There have been cases where those who took marijuana for medical purposes were fired!
#5: Not all pot sales are 100% legal. There is unfortunately a large black market for weed. It is impossible to cut out the illegal pot business completely even in states where cannabis is allowed for recreational use. That’s because the taxes imposed on legal pot are very high. There is a 37% tax on marijuana in Washington, 28% in Colorado, 20% in Oregon. As a marijuana grower you will have to pay tax to the government. Retailers and buyers pay tax too. Fortunately medical marijuana carried a much lower tax rate. Thank God for small mercies!
#6: If you want a loan from your bank for growing weed, you will find it very difficult to get one. Banks don’t normally give loans to cannabis dispensaries, even if they are licensed by the state. Banks are very wary about our business, but hopefully once they see how big and successful the cannabis industry is and how fast it is growing, they will be forced to change their opinion. The Justice Department issued guidelines back in 2014 for banks on delivering financial services to legally run marijuana businesses, which is a good start.
#7: There are things you should know – you cannot take weed across state lines even if you are crossing from Oregon to Washington, for example, two states where pot is legal. You should not mail pot to anyone; you cannot sell pot on Amazon or eBay and you cannot carry it on a plane. Also, you cannot smoke pot in public such as in city parks even in states where smoking pot is legal. Always remember that!
#8: You are not allowed to smoke and drive. This restriction is reasonable is marijuana has a strong psychedelic effect on the brain and you would not be in a position to drive after a smoke. This is the same as the restriction on drinking and driving. Nothing wrong with this law as far as I can see.
What are the Benefits of Smoking Weed?
There are many reasons to smoke weed. Medical marijuana is recommended for a number of reasons. There is plenty of research to show that medical marijuana can heal a number of ailments and health conditions. Here’s a look at some of the known health benefits of smoking pot.
#1: Cannabis can be a powerful sleeping aid for those who suffer from insomnia and other sleeping disorders.
#2: Medical marijuana helps to alleviate chronic pain suffered by patients because of many severe health conditions.
#3: CBD or Cannabidiol, which is extracted from the cannabis plant, is known to help people suffering from seizures and epilepsies. The FDA has approved a CBS extract called as Epidiolex to treat children with epilepsy.
#4: Medical marijuana has been found to reduce discomfort faced by cancer patients during chemotherapy such as vomiting and nausea.
#5: Marijuana improves appetite in those who are going through chemotherapy.
#6: Smoking pot protects the liver against symptoms related to alcohol addiction such as steatotis.
#7: Smoking weed can help bring your stress levels down. This has many benefits for those suffering from anxiety and depression – as long as it is done within a certain limit.
#8: If you are feeling out of sorts because of having too many drinks the night before, smoking pot can reduce some of the side effects from the hangover.
#9: CBD is believed to have benefits for those suffering from prostate cancer, breast cancer and lung cancer. Some researchers say that it prevents the growth of cancer cells. But so far the research has been inconclusive on this.
#10: Medical marijuana is recommended to those suffering from IBS and other inflammatory bowel diseases.
#11: Taking medical marijuana can alleviate anxiety in patients suffering from PTSD or post traumatic stress disorder.
#12: Medical marijuana has benefits for those suffering from Parkinson’s disease.
#13: Medical marijuana helps reduce muscle spasms by a significant extent.
#14: Smoking pot can improve your digestive system.
#15: If you are a woman, you will find that taking CBD can help reduce some of the pain during the menstrual cycle.
#16: Marijuana can help reduce blood sugar levels in type 2 diabetes patients.
#17: Cannabis can help minimize the irritation due to mosquito bites or bug bites.
#18: Smoking pot can act as a relief for athletes after a physically grueling training session.
#19: Cannabis can help reduce the pain due to conditions such as multiple sclerosis.
#20: Cannabis can lower inflammation and alleviate the pain caused by inflammatory diseases.
What About the Negative Effects of Marijuana?
Anything taken in excess is bad for health and it is the same with marijuana. Here’s a quick look at some of the negative consequences of smoking too much pot.
- Increase in stress levels and hypertension
- Short-term memory loss
- Respiratory disorders such as asthma and coughing
- Vomiting and nausea
- Full blown case of addiction
- Lack of sleep and restlessness at night
- Headache and dizziness
- Anxiety and depression
- Psychological problems
- And more.
Different Techniques for Using Marijuana
How does one consume cannabis? What is the right way to smoke pot? If you are a new cannabis user, no doubt you want to know about the best way to smoke pot. Here are the different methods for getting high on weed. Read on.
Through Water Pipes – The oldest way of consuming pot is through water pipes. This is something that was done in many ancient civilizations. There is nothing wrong with this method except that the presence of water in the pipe can dilute the effectiveness of the THC.
Smoking –The easiest way to use weed is to burn the marijuana plant and to convert it into a smoke, to be inhaled slowly by the lungs. You shouldn’t take too many puffs. Keep it light and normal and make sure that you don’t make your lungs work too hard. Smoking more weed than you need, can result in asthmatic attacks.
Smoking in Joints – Smoking in joints is the safest ways of consuming cannabis. You should choose big, fat joints which keep the temperatures low. Smoking pot is safer at lower temperatures. Thin joints give you a real high real fast while thick joints take time to put you into a high – they are more sedate. You should hence choose thicker or fatter joints.
Through Pipes – Special pipes exist to make the marijuana smoke cooler. Although many of the experts say that this is not the safest way to ingest this material. I personally think that having weed is good with pipe but only if the pipe is made stainless steel, glass or aluminum. Avoid the wooden or plastic made pipes and bongs for this purpose.
Inhaling – Another way to smoke pot is to inhale it using a vaporizer. The idea is to heat up the cannabis and inhale the vapor slowly. Vaporizers are generally simple devices – you can buy one from the market or make one yourself.
Eating Cannabis – Many people eat cannabis, but this is not something I recommend. You may have heard of cannabis cakes and cannabis drinks. This is the cheapest way to consume weed, but I don’t like this method as it is not good for your health.
Are There Any Other Uses of Cannabis?
Yes, you can use cannabis for a number of purposes other than just for smoking inhaling or drinking pot. Cannabis is used to make tinctures, creams and lotions that provide instant pain relief. You may have heard of CBD Oil, which is sold online by many sellers and has many physical and therapeutic benefits. Cannabis is also used to make chemicals and in a variety of medicines. Cannabis works very well when used in a combination with other drugs and powerful herbs.
How to Grow Marijuana?
Okay, we get to the main part – the art of growing marijuana. There are a few important factors to be kept in mind for marijuana cultivation. They are…
- A Medium for Growing
- The Right Environment
Each of the factors discussed here is important and we talk about them in detail. I understand you are completely new to marijuana cultivation and are not sure if it is going to work for you or not. There is nothing to be worried about – I am going to guide you through the process step-by-step and help you grow weed of the highest quality. All you need to do is to follow the instructions to the letter. That’s all!
However, before I get started, I have a request to make. The tips and advice you see here is because of years of research and experimentation done on marijuana cultivation. I have learned everything there is to learn about growing pot and have applied the knowledge in my own personal marijuana garden. I humbly request you not to share this advice with anyone.
You can guide your friends and co-workers to this website and share the links on the social media so that more people can learn how to grow weed directly from me. But I request you not to share the secrets revealed here yourself – let your friends learn how to grow pot first hand from me by visiting this website. I am sure you understand!
Indoor vs. Outdoor Marijuana Cultivation
There are two types of marijuana cultivation – outdoor cultivation and indoor cultivation. How the weed is grown and the process that is used makes a big difference to the end product that you will get.
So which medium is more suitable for weed cultivation – outdoor or indoor? I am going to discuss both and tell you what to expect with each medium, good and bad. This will give you a better idea of how to go about the weed planting.
Marijuana Cultivation – Indoor Planting
Indoor planting is the most common was to grow weed. The weed is grown inside a house or a facility. The problem with this is that it may not get the nourishment it requires from the outside air and direct sunlight.
There are certainly many advantages and disadvantages to indoor planting of weed, but what you should understand is that a long as you follow the right professional techniques for the cultivation, you will do just fine. Let’s discuss the pluses and minuses of indoor planting of marijuana.
What’s good about it?
You are always in control of the process, and don’t have to worry about weather conditions such as heavy rains, storms or strong winds. The quality of the weed obtained is of a very good quality as you will be in control at all times.
All the essential factors involved in growing the weed, such as the soil, temperature, air, humidity, nutrients, lighting and more will be under your control.
You will be able to protect the marijuana plant through the most delicate phases of its growing cycle. You will be in control of the flowering process, which is not possible with outdoor planting.
You are in control of the lighting and can decide how much light exposure to provide the plants with. When cultivating outdoors, you should be careful not to expose the plants with too much light as that could have an impact on some of the chemical reactions, and affect the enzymatic activity. This is not an issue with indoor cultivation.
You control the environment and can make sure that the plants do not get infected by insects and viruses. By and large marijuana growers prefer the indoor environment to outdoors, which is why I have focused on indoor cultivation here.
What’s not so good about it?
This depends on your perspective; there are some veteran growers who say that direct sunlight is any day preferable to an artificial lighting environment. There is also a plenty of research that indicates that the best way to grow plants is to make sure that the photosynthesis takes place in an outside environment.
When you grow the plant outside, you won’t have to worry about things such as ventilation. Providing proper ventilation to the plants is a big issue when you grow it indoors.
Also, it is not so easy to regular the temperature, humidity, lighting and other conditions in an indoor environment. Further, there are issues with the lack of space, which means you can only grow a limited amount of weed indoors.
Another observation made is that the crop grown indoors is not of the same size as that grown outdoors.
Marijuana Cultivation: Outdoor Planting
Now, there is this feeling that a lot of people have about outdoor marijuana cultivation; that it is too difficult. I would say that nothing is really difficult as long as you follow the right advice and best practices.
I have already given you hints on how outdoor cultivation different from indoor planting. Where and how you cultivate the weed makes a big difference to the final product that comes out of your farm. Clearly, there are challenges with outdoor planting, but in some cases it is the better option for you. Let me explain.
What’s good about outdoor planting of weed?
You won’t have to worry about the ventilation as your plants are grown in the air outside.
Outdoor planting won’t cost you much. Well, at least you won’t have to pay for the lighting – sunlight is available free for all of us on this planet! Similarly, you won’t have to worry about regulating the air, humidity and the temperature and other important environmental factors.
You will be able to grow much more weed through outdoor planting than through indoor cultivation. I would imagine space isn’t as much of a concern outdoors as it is indoors.
That’s why, if it is your intention to start a marijuana business and build a dispensary, you are advised to opt for outdoor cultivation. You will get more bang for the buck. Also, since you would be growing the weed in a natural environment, the quality of the product is somewhat better.
What’s not so good about outdoor planting of weed?
Okay, this much is obvious – you will have no control over the growing pattern of the crop as you cannot control the light exposure. For growing high quality weed, you will need to ensure proper light cycles. If there is too much light, then that could potentially destroy the crop. Clearly, it is hard to control sunlight.
An equally big issue is that there is absolutely no privacy when you cultivate the cannabis plant outdoors. Anyone can see what you are growing and your crop is especially susceptible to attacks from pests and insects, especially during the early stage of their growth. So you will have to worry all the time about pest infections. Also, you cannot control the order of the pollination.
Mediums for Growing Weed – Soil vs. Hydroponics
There are two mediums used for growing marijuana crop. Soil is the cheapest medium for this purpose, widely used and also the easiest one for the purpose of growing weed. Hydroponics is another commonly used medium where water is used, and nutrition is supplied through special instruments.
I consider hydroponics to be a far more efficient medium, but not one I can recommend to those growing pot for the very first time. That’s because it is a little too complex for my liking and so much could go wrong – for example, you may make a mistake with the chemical combination. To be clear, I want your first time at growing cannabis plant to be as incident free as possible, which is why I recommend soil, a far simpler medium.
Another important difference between soil and hydroponics is that while you will get a plenty of weed in less time by using hydroponics as your medium, the quality and the potency may not be as high as you would want. Soil will take more time, but it produces extremely potent weed, with lasting effects. That’s why soil is my preferred choice of medium for growing pot.
Okay, let’s move on. Next, I am going to give you valuable advice on growing your own marijuana, so follow the instructions very carefully. You cannot afford to ignore any of it. If you get confused at any stage come back to this page and read these instructions again.
The seed of the marijuana plant is like a sleeping embryo, which is formed as a result of the mating between the male and female flowers. If you want the seed to be healthy, then the plant that produces it has to be healthy too.
The seed contains the DNA of the marijuana plant. Make sure you select only the best. The best cannabis plant seeds are hard and are light brown in color. You should avoid any seeds that are green and soft, as this indicates that the seed is not mature enough. Choose only the healthiest and strongest seeds.
Once you have chosen the right seed, the next thing to worry about is a process called germination. During germination, the mature seed is placed in a certain environment under some conditions so that it breaks down and develops into a white colored sprout, which droops in a downward direction. What you should know is that 20 percent of the seeds grow into healthy female marijuana plants; the rest grow into make plants or could get spoiled.
Germination is a process which requires great attention to detail and the right application of air, heat and moisture. During the process, you should remove the make sprouts or the spoiled ones and instead try to grow healthy female cannabis plants only.
Generally it takes a healthy seed about 2 days to a week to germinate, but the period can vary greatly depending on factors such as temperature, seed and moisture. In order to get more female plants, you should perform the germination twice, preferably in summer as this would give you a much better product.
Germinating a Seed – The Process
You can perform germination by using a number of different techniques, but the thing to remember is not to waste any seeds. So start by germinating the cheaper seeds first and then once you get a solid understanding of the process, move on to the best seeds you’ve got. There are many different techniques you should be using for the germination.
Soaking is the best way to germinate a marijuana seed. Here’s how it works: Fill up an ordinary cup with warm water and put the seeds into the water. If you find any seeds floating to the top remove them and get rid of them. The best seeds are those that stay at the bottom of the cup.
Now cover the cup with a lid to make sure that no light reaches the seed. The seeds will take about 48 hours to germinate; some will start sprouting within 24 hours.
There are a number of techniques used for the germination. Let’s take a look at some of them.
#1: Germination in Soil
I have already talked about the importance of using soil as a medium, and why it is more convenient than hydroponics for weed cultivation. Let me explain how germination in soil works…
Fill up a pot with soil, pour water into it and make a hole at the bottom of the pot. Let the water drain out of this home. Dig the soil inside for about an inch with a pencil or a stick and put the seed into it.
Put the seed into the soil and fill the pot completely with soil. This should be done at normal room temperature. The seed will take about 5 to 7 days for the germination.
#2: Using Propagation Machines
You can create your own propagation machines or kits; these are simple kits and easy to make. You could also buy them, they don’t cost much. These kits will have tiny holes in them through which you will need to pour the seeds and then add the germination hormone that comes with the pack.
#3: Paper Towel Method
This method is really quite simple. You will need two paper towels, a couple of dishes and water for this. Boil the water, and rinse the dishes with it so as to completely eliminate the germs. Soak the paper towels in the hot water and make sure that they are properly squeezed so that they are as damp and warm as possible. Put the paper towel on a dish, place the seeds over it and cover the seeds with another paper towel. This way you can ensure that no light gets through to the seeds. Allow 2 to 5 days for the seeds to germinate. Remove the seeds as soon as they start sprouting.
#4: Using a Peat Briquette
The peat briquette method is the best way to germinate marijuana seeds. First soak the peat briquette in water and give it time to swell. Push the seeds into a hole and main a high temperature of at least 95 degree Fahrenheit.
Just make sure that the peat briquette remains moist for as long as needed so that the seeds start sprouting. This is one technique for the germination of the cannabis seed that I have no hesitation in recommending. Of course, you can choose any method that you like the best out of the ones discussed here. Let’s discuss what to do next after germination.
Okay, the next thing to do after germination is the seedling. You perform this process when the sprout is about a quarter inch long. Replant it in a pot so that it can grow up to become a small cannabis plant. Seedling of the cannabis plant is a pair of two leaves which is referred to as cotyledon or seedling leaf. The purpose of the seedling leaf is to store the food and to make sure that the plant that comes up remains healthy.
So, when the real leaves start coming up, the seedling leaf becomes pale and yellow and drops down. The baby plant that comes up in its place requires a lot of attention from the grower at this stage. The leaves of the cannabis plant will have three laminas at this stage. You should be careful not to water the marijuana plant too much at this particular stage. You should protect it from too much exposure to light – about 16 hours a day is ideal.
Just remember that the plant takes a long time to grow during the seedling. That’s because it is still getting nourished and building up strength. At this stage, the root system of the marijuana plant will be developing, which is why the overall growth of the plant looks slow. So don’t get frustrated by this and fertilize the plant too much at this stage – that could really hurt it. Don’t water the plant more than you should either.
The next thing to do after seedling is the transplanting. The seedlings need to be transplanted into the garden soil or the hydroponic system, depending on the type of medium you have chosen. For the purpose of transplanting the seedling, you should dig a hole into the soil – deep enough to allow you to place the seedling comfortably in it. You can drop the seedling as it is, whether in a pot or in a rockwool tray into the hole.
Other Things To Watch Out For At This Stage…
So far so good? You have done well. But there are a few things you should be concerned about. To start with, make sure that the plants get enough nutrition.
Check in the 3rd and 5th weeks if the plants are growing as they should or not. So, if the plant is perfectly green in color, the branches look strong and healthy, then there is nothing to worry. If not, you must do something about it.
For example, the stem of the plan can suddenly appear purple in color. You don’t want this. If you detect any sort of abnormality, there could be many reasons for this. It could be because of genetics – in which case there is nothing you can do, and you shouldn’t worry either, as it is just normal for the plant.
Humidity is another thing you should watch out for. High humidity is good for the growth of female marijuana plants while low humidity is ideal for the growth of the male marijuana plant.
Lighting is an issue as well. The blue spectrum light is good for the growth of the female plant and red spectrum light is better for the growth of the male plants.
Next, watch out for the nitrogen levels. High nitrogen levels are good for the growth rate of male plants and low nitrogen levels are good for the growth rate of female plants. Similarly, high potassium levels are good for male plants and low potassium levels are better for female plants.
The Most Important Stuff You Need to Know About Growing Marijuana
Okay, you have done well to get so far. Now, I am going to tell you about the most important things you should know in order to become a really successful marijuana grower. I leave it to you to choose a medium and method amongst the ones discussed here. You will learn how to grow the plant with the soil through the germination process; how to grow through the cloning process and finally how to grow the plant by applying hydroponics.
When in doubt, stick to soil as a medium. It is cheap, risk free and simple. You will also need to take a decision on whether to use indoor planting or outdoor planting based on the advice given here. I’m going to walk you through the different ways to grow the plant.
Growing the Plant with Soil Using the Germination Process
I don’t have to go through this again as I have already discussed the details on this process such as why growing the cannabis plant with soil is the best way to go about it. It is the most reliable, effective and productive way to grow your crop. But if you are not really interested in making money out of growing marijuana and want to grow it only for your personal use and for the use of your friends, then you should grow the plant in containers. This is the easiest method of growing marijuana. We talk about that in detail.
First, it is important to note that the type and quality of the soil is very important. Any soil you choose should have the right kind of texture, pH level and nutrients. The soil should drain well, but not so much that all the water gets drained out. Always choose organic soil as that gives you the best marijuana crop. The soil texture is important as well. Make sure that it is light and fluffy and retains water well.
Growing Marijuana in Containers
I am a big fan of growing marijuana in containers. In this case you will be able to take care of each plant individually and separate the ones that are healthy from those that are not. The container could be a wooden box, a bucket or something like that. Just make a small hole in these containers, not more than 1 centimeter wide so that any excess water can be drained out.
There are other things to make a note of. The color of the container should be black as black absorbs light and ensures that reaches the roots inside. Use containers of a smaller size as they are far more convenient – just be careful when you transport the plants from one container to a bigger sized one as the cannabis roots are often very long.
In this context, you could also make your own container. You can just convert any of your old pots which you don’t use anymore into containers for growing the cannabis plant. All you need to do is to drill holes in them to drain out the excess water.
Growing the Marijuana Plant in the Ground
You can grow the marijuana plant in the ground as long as you are able to find enough space for the same. Also, there should be sufficient exposure to sunlight. The key thing here is to be careful about the spacing between the plants. Make sure that there is a decent amount of space between each of the plants. The spacing should be uniform throughout.
Transplanting of Plants
Transplanting of the plants involves transporting them from small containers to bigger ones or from the containers to the soil in the cultivating area on the ground. There is nothing complicated about transplanting. Basically, you have to take the plant from the container along with its roots and with the soil. Dig a hole for the plant and place it in the hole.
Just be careful not to cause too much damage to the roots during the transplanting process. The plants will need time to settle down. So it is best to do the transplanting at night, so that the plants get enough time to settle down before the day breaks.
I don’t have to tell you about the importance of making sure that the watering of the plants is done well. The watering will depend on the size of the container of the plant and the intensity of the light. The watering should be done every alternate day. Root will require some air apart from the water, so don’t over water the plant. Over watering can lead to dehydration.
You have to watch the pH level of the marijuana plant very carefully. The pH level should be between 6.7 and 6.2. Not watching the pH level can lead to the spoiling of the crop, which is the last thing you want.
Be very careful when choosing the fertilizer. Don’t fertilize the crop too much – adding too many organic compounds could upset the pH balance of the plant. However, you can add as much of common manure fertilizer as needed, that’s perfectly fine.
Here are 3 nutrients to be supplied to the marijuana plant so that it grows in a healthy manner.
Nitrogen – Nitrogen is the most important element for the growth of the leaves and the stem. Nitrogen deficiency can cause the leaves to become yellow and to drop down. Make sure to supply as much nitrogen as possible.
Potassium – Potassium is another important ingredient which is essential for the growth of the plant. It helps the plant absorb water and regulate the intake of sugar.
Phosphorus – Phosphorous is critical for respiration and photosynthesis. It is absolutely essential during the flowering stage.
One of the best ways to grow marijuana indoors, which is used by a number of growers across the United States and in Europe is called as cloning. Cloning is a very efficient process for growing weed. I’m going to give you a good idea of how it works.
Cloning involves choosing some donor plants, cutting off their shoots and branches and allowing them to grow in a separate medium. When you do this, you can ensure that all plants whose clone has been taken from a mother plant will grow to be a female. Female plants are incredibly important for producing weed. The more female plants you have, the more quality weed you will get, as simple as that.
This type of cloning is popular with many marijuana growers for many reasons. Cloning has many advantages. It saves time and money. You basically have to choose the plants, make clones out of them and put them into the growing medium. The seed method in comparison takes a much longer time as it involves germination, seedling and the transformation into a plant.
For sure it has certain disadvantages, which I will tell you about, but if you want to grow a healthy cannabis crop, then this should be the method that you should opt for. You can choose the donor plants from amongst the plants that already exist in your garden and proceed to make clones from them.
Here’s a quick look at the pluses and minuses of closing.
Advantages of Cloning
Cloning is an economical way of growing marijuana as you don’t need to buy any additional seeds if you already have the plants in place. You can then just make clones out of them.
You are guaranteed to get female plants only from the clones. Female plants are good for weed production.
The growing of the crop takes much less time during cloning. You are assured of getting the product in quick time, much faster than what the seeding method would allow you to. The clones don’t take up too much time for flowering.
The quality of the end product obtained from cloning is just as good as that got from the seeding process in terms of aroma, taste and after effects.
Disadvantages of Cloning
There is a possibility of the entire crop getting infected by insects and viruses and succumbing to fatal diseases if the mother plant has a genetic deformity.
Since all the plants are cloned, it is hard to get the variety that you expect in the end product, in terms of taste, after effects and aroma. You will get exactly the same type of weed with every plant.
The clones will turn out to be fine as long as you take them from existing plants. If you take them from other sources, there is no way to tell how the crop will turn out. In fact, there is every chance of the crop getting spoiled.
Now, cloning should be carried out only if you have some experience as a marijuana grower and have some expertise in making and judging clones. What if you were to choose the wrong kind of close? That would affect the entire crop.
There is a risk of mishandling of the cloning process, and when that happens, the entire crop could die of shock.
Another issue is that since all of the clones will be female, you will find it difficult to carry out the breeding process in your garden in the future. You will have to get the male plants from somewhere else.
How to Make Your Own Clones for Growing Marijuana?
You can make your own clones for the marijuana plant. The first thing to do is to select the right mother plant. Make sure that you choose one that is healthy, not affected by any disease and is productive.
Wash your hands well with a proper soap. Make sure that your tools are perfectly clean and that the growing area or medium is clean as well.
You should cut many more clones than you need, because a lot of these clones are going to die unable to adjust to the new environment. Only a few go on to provide a healthy crop.
You can cut the clones any time during the life cycle of the mother plant. But the best time to do it is just when the plant starts flowering.
Look into the pH balance of the medium, this is important. The clones should all be close to you and well within reach during the time of the planting.
Choose the right kind of clone. Short clones are generally preferred as they have two or three nodes at best.
The clones should be soaked in an appropriate rooting solution that you will get from the market and given the right kind of nutrients, such as nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium.
Place the clones in rockwool cubes. Soak the rockwool cubes in a pH balanced solution.
Now, a word on the humidity dome and the lighting which you will be using when you are growing the plant indoors: The humidity dome should be sprayed with a no damp-solution. The clone should not be sprayed at directly as that could damage it badly.
The clone tray should be placed in the humidity dome in an appropriate location, where there is sufficient exposure to white fluorescent light. The light can be a T9 grow light, HID lights or just natural and direct sunlight.
Wait for 5 days. On the 5th day, remove the humidity done from the clone tray. Also uncover the clone tray to allow for the air to pass through.
On the 10th day of the cloning, check if the plant properly rooted. If not sure, just tug at plant slightly upwards. If the plant is rooted, it won’t come out of the rockwool cube. If it is not, it will come out with ease.
At this point, some of the leaves will turn yellow. This is not a bad thing. It indicates the plant has taken in nutrients from the fan leaves during the rooting stage. So, you will get a healthy plant.
Spray the plant with water during the rooting. Once the plant has been rooted property, make sure to water it regularly. The rooting solution should then be drained out of the cube as you don’t need it any more now.
Now, this part is important. Open the tent and check if the plant is wilting. In case you don’t see any wilting for about 6 hours, then it’s time for the final step.
Before moving on, let’s discuss what to do if the clones have wilted. Don’t get desperate if the clones start wilting. Make sure that they are placed in the right medium and check the lighting. The lighting should not be too bright and should be just right for the plant.
Okay then, this is the last thing to be done during the cloning – Plant the clones into the soil and put them under the HID lights. The clones should get about 18 hours of lighting before the vegetation begins.
As long as you follow the steps stated here you should be able to get the end product you desire. Of course, you may not get this right the first time, but you will certainly learn with experience.
I have introduced hydroponics as a medium for growing marijuana. I want to talk a bit more about hydroponics here and tell you exactly how it works. Hydroponics is a very efficient way to grow weed and it delivers excellent results. You will get a much better and bigger crop with greater yields. Let’s quickly discuss the pros and cons of hydroponics before I talk about how to implement this system.
What’s Good About Hydroponics?
Hydroponics is a clean method. You don’t need any soil for this system, and hence there is no filth or mess of any kind. You can set up the hydroponic system anywhere – in your dining room, bedroom or balcony.
Since hydroponics is a controlled system, you don’t have to worry about any sort of pollution. You will get an excellent amount of weed of a decent quality.
Hydroponics is a well monitored system, so you don’t have to worry about the roots getting too much water and getting drowned, or for that matter, not getting any water.
This system keeps the cost of water low as the water is already there in the system. So you don’t have to do much watering.
You can control the amount of nutrients to be supplied; this is a far more efficient system and you will save more money. Plus, you will get the best quality weed.
You don’t have to worry about the hydroponic system getting affected by pests or insects. You will get more weed in less time and a very good yield.
What’s Not So Good About Hydroponics?
It certainly is not cheap to set up a hydroponics system. Also, a slight mistake here and there can damage the entire crop. Further, this is not an easy system to manage. You will need to check the system regularly. Also, the system consumes a lot of electricity.
How to Grow Marijuana Using Hydroponics
Okay, now I get to the most important part. How to build a hydroponic system for growing weed? Make sure to follow all the instructions given here carefully.
Here’s a list of things you will need to start with – seeds, clones, white colored paints, nutrients, pots, containers, a medium for the pots such as coco coir, a pH detection system, a timer, a fluorescent lighting system.
Now, since you are growing the plant indoors, you should prepare your home so that the crops get sufficient amount of lighting. Use a white paint on the walls as white reflects light.
Also make use of mylar for the walls. Mylar reflects light very well. The only real issue with mylar is that it also reflects heat, so that could lead to the plants getting burnt out if you are not careful enough.
Lighting is the most important part of this system. Set up the lights carefully. Hang the lights at an appropriate stop. You will need about 3000 Lumens of light per square feet for a reasonable yield. If you want a much higher yield, then you should use 10,000 lumens per square feet.
Now, are the plants getting enough light? Or they getting too much of it? The last thing you want is for the plants to get burnt out because of too much lighting. The most that the marijuana plant can bear is a heat of 90 degree Fahrenheit.
The cannabis crop has to be well ventilated. Ventilation can make or break the crop. Also, which method are you going to use? We have discussed seeding and cloning and I won’t go into detail about them here.
Just make sure that you choose the seeds of the best quality and use the germination techniques discussed above. Next, the germinated seeds should be placed in the rockwool cubes. I have discussed this as well.
You can now start watering the plants and adding the other nutrients to the system. You should maintain a pH level of between 5.0 and 6.0 at this point in the growing process. Don’t make the mistake of overfeeding the plants with more nutrients than is needed. The crop can get spoiled easily if you go crazy on the fertilization part.
The plants need a lot of attention at this stage. Maintain a close vigil on the pH level. Also, be careful about the other aspects of the system such as the lighting and the supply of nutrients. The lighting should be only as much as needed, no more and no less. Too much lighting at this stage can be a big problem, as that could lead to the overheating of the crop.
Once the seeding is done, the next phase in the plant’s growth is the flowering and the vegetation. It is up to you to ensure at this point that the environmental conditions are appropriate to ensure the proper growth of the plants.
There are things you need to consider, such as the height you want the plants to grow up to. This depends on the growth time allocated to the plants when it is in the vegetative phase.
The plant could double its height during this stage of the flowering. Just make sure that the plant is left in the vegetative stage till it reaches a height of 6 to 18 inches.
Once the plant has grown to a height of 18 inches, then the plant should start flowering. The amount of lighting it gets at this stage is the most important part. Maintain a proper schedule for the lighting so that the plants get 12 hours of lighting a day.
At this point, you should look at other important things such as the ratio between the female and male plants. You can identify the female plants by the white hairs that they start growing. The male plants grow small balls. If you have seen how grapes are grown in a vineyard, you will know what I mean.
Now, remove all the male plants immediately as if they are allowed to persist, they will end up pollinating all the female plants. You should know that any plants that are pollinated are not capable of providing you with good quality weed. You need non-pollinated female plants only for producing weed.
Okay, so far so good. Now begins the toughest part of the whole exercise, which is to wait patiently for the plants to mature. How long this takes will depend on your hydroponic system. Normally, it takes anything from 6 to 8 weeks till the plant becomes a well developed cannabis sativa.
Right, so about a week before you can start harvesting the crop, feed it with nothing apart from water. Don’t fertilize the crop at this point. Don’t add any nutrients because any nutrients you use will leave a taste behind in the weed later.
When should you harvest the plant? When at least 75% of the hairs of the plants or the pistils are completely brown, that’s when you should harvest it.
As you are aware by now, the marijuana crop requires a lot of light in order to grow the right way. The lighting is one of the most important aspects to consider for the growth of the marijuana crop, so that it gives you the yields that you expect. In this part of the article, I am going to tell you all you need to know about the lighting systems for growing the marijuana plant.
There are many different options to choose from when it comes to lighting systems for indoor planting of marijuana crop. Each of these systems have their pros and cons. But the main thing is every system should have a reflector, ballast, bulks, timer, to name just a few important parts.
The lighting system should have the capacity to provide the kind of lighting required by the plant which delivers the right kind of results. The reason is, only when the plants are provided with the right amount of lighting do their hormones get activated, which is so important for the growth of the plants.
Not all lighting systems are the same – each has a different kind of impact. I am going to briefly discuss how to choose the right lighting system.
Now, when it comes to the lighting systems, the color and temperature of the light play a critical role. Also, you should check the CCT ratings on them as that tells about the temperature of the HID fluorescent lights, whether it is too intense or not.
It is important that you should do your own research on the lighting systems. To start with, you should know about the maximum wattage recommended for the growth of the marijuana plant. This should never be more than 1000 wattage. Anything higher than 1000 watts can damage the crop. Something less than 1000 is recommended.
Next, you should determine the amount of light emitted per square feet by a bulb. This is called as Lumens. The marijuana crop, as I have discussed before requires a minimum of 3000 Lumens, however if you want to get a higher quantity of weed, I suggest investing in a lighting system that gives you 7,000 to 10,000 Lumens per square feet.
Sources of Lighting
If you are going to grow your crop within your house, then clearly you need an artificial source of light. Your plants may not get access to direct sunlight, which is so important to them. So what sort of artificial lighting should you choose?
Fluorescent lights and LED grow lights are great options. These are excellent sources of lighting for the cannabis plant. Marijuana plant requires a lot of lighting, so if you really want to grow good quality weed, you cannot afford to ignore this aspect.
You can choose from the different types of compact fluorescent lights that are available in the market, commonly referred to as CFL. CFL is very popular and can be purchased from most electrical or hardware stores. Not as popular as CFL is HID light. HID lights are increasingly used by growers.
The LED lighting system is preferred by many because LED lights are energy efficient. They are commonly used to provide lighting for indoor planting. LED grow lights have many wonderful benefits and provide a full spectrum of lighting at low heat levels.
More on Lighting Systems
Here’s what you should understand – the lighting is critical for the nourishment of the cannabis crop. If you want the weed to be of the right quality then you should make sure to provide it with proper lighting. Lack of lighting means low quality yield of the marijuana crop.
Another important thing to consider is where and how to place the lighting system. How far the lights are from the plants will depend on the source of the lighting. So if you are using a grow light that emits heat, then this should be placed over the plant, as high as possible. If the light does not emit a lot of heat, then you can hang the lights at a distance of about 10 to 14 inches from the plant.
You will need to maintain different lighting schedules for the different stages of growing the cannabis plant. So to begin with, when you are just planting the cannabis sativa, you should take care of the following.
- 16 to 18 hours of lighting during the first phase or the seedling stage.
- 18 to 24 hours of lighting during the vegetative stage.
- 12 hours of lighting during the flowering stage.
Contrary to popular perception, harvesting of the marijuana crop is not really all that difficult. A lot of people are confused about harvesting. Actually, it’s the best part about growing marijuana. You have worked so hard to get to this point, so harvesting will be something that you will truly enjoy. Let us understand how harvesting works.
When is the right time to harvest? Okay, this is actually easy. Just pay attention to the color of the hairs or the pistils that cover the buds of the marijuana crop. When you first planted them, they were probably white. Now, at the time of the harvest, they will have turned dark brownish.
Is that the case with your crop? Then you should waste no time at all and start harvesting. Just make sure you have all the tools you need for the harvesting.
Now, let’s talk about the harvesting.
When Should You Harvest?
The timing is the most important thing. If you are growing the marijuana outside, the best time to harvest is in the dark, in the middle of the night or just before dawn. The reason is female plants will have stored most of the food they will have prepared during the day at night through the process of photosynthesis.
What if you are growing the weed inside the house? In that case you have to choose the time of the harvest in accordance with the lighting schedule of the plant. If the lighting hours are in the middle of the night, then you should harvest the plant in the morning. If the lighting hours are in the morning, then you should harvest at night. As simple as that!
Count the number of plants you have in your garden and determine how much time you will need for the harvesting of the crop. Then you can decide your schedule for the harvesting.
How to harvest the marijuana crop?
You will need to prepare well for the harvesting. Your preparations should start on the night before the day of the harvest and you should begin as early in the morning as possible. Harvesting is not that difficult, but the only issue is that it requires a lot of work and takes up a lot of your time.
So to begin with, you should cut the plant completely, right from the root. Cut all plants that were grown in the plantation area. Start cutting the bigger or heavier plants first and then proceed to the smaller ones.
Once the cutting is done, trim and manicure the plants. Allow them to dry for a while, so leave them alone in a dry spot in open air directly under the sun. Of course, if you are growing indoors, you can also use drying machines to dry the plants faster.
After Harvesting – How to Improve the Quality of the Weed?
How can you make the weed tastier after the harvesting process? You should know that the plants will still have some life in them when you harvest them. They will die only after the water completely runs out. So you will need to leave the plants alone for a week in a normal temperature of around 70 degrees Fahrenheit and at a humidity of 50 percent. This should be enough to completely remove the moisture from the plant.
Following the drying, the next thing to do is curing. Curing can be a time consuming process only if the harvesting was not done properly. Curing is essential because you want the herb to be as smooth, dry and perfect as possible, so that it is much easier to smoke. You should not take more than 2 weeks for the curing after the completion of the drying process.
Now, don’t be in a hurry at this stage and give the buds enough time to be cured. If the buds are not cured properly, then the quality of the weed will be below par and you certainly won’t enjoy it. You want the weed to be more potent, to give you a real high, and have a real aroma about it. That is why you should pay attention to the curing.
Curing will ensure that the moisture from the herb is completely removed, but in a uniform manner. The drying process should be as even as possible. There are a few of things you should know about the curing and drying process.
Dried and cured weed has a rich flavor and is far more effective than fresh weed. Fresh marijuana is particularly rich in compounds that lend its psychoactive properties such as THC. This gives you a real high when you smoke the weed.
However, you should be careful at this stage not to dry the buds too fast; otherwise they could become completely weak. That’s why the humidity in the area where the buds are stored should be maintained at 45% to 55%.
During the curing process, it is important to ensure that there is a sufficient supply of fresh air to the buds. That’s why you should open the containers in which they are placed every four or five hours for about 10 minutes at a time.
Well, that’s about it from me. I really hope that you find the information given here useful and I look forward to hearing about the results of your experiments with growing weed. The information given here is based on my research on growing weed and my personal experiences. I have read a plenty of books on the subject and I have put together all the good and the relevant parts together in one place for you to use.
My goal with this “A Comprehensive Guide to Growing Weed the Easy Way” is to help people like you who are absolutely new to the idea of growing marijuana. I know this is a challenging thing for you and I have tried to simplify the process as much as possible.
I want you to read this guide over and over again till you get the four important things about growing weed right.
- First, you should know about the different mediums that are available and decide on one that is most suitable for you.
- Second, you should decide whether you want to use seeding or cloning for growing the marijuana plant – I have explained both processes in exacting detail.
- Third, I want you to read the advice on growing marijuana again and again till you understand every single point made.
- Fourth, you will find everything you need to know about harvesting, drying and curing from this article.
This guide has been a painstaking effort on my part, but I have enjoyed every bit of it. Growing weed is a lot of hard work; it is certainly not for those who want everything to be handed out to them. You will have many hits and misses along the way, but never stop trying and experimenting until you get the process absolutely right. I wish you all the best and I look forward to your comments!